A catalytic collaboration in Vietnam is stimulating business growth for women entrepreneurs by challenging misconceptions and improving access to finance, networks and critical support services.
A catalytic collaboration here in Vietnam is stimulating business growth for women entrepreneurs by challenging misconceptions and improving access to finance, networks and critical support services.
Women entrepreneurs are playing an increasingly important role in the economic growth of Vietnam, creating employment and reinvesting in their communities. The Vietnamese 2015 Enterprise Census found that women-owned small enterprises created over 1.63 million jobs and they averaged annual revenues 0.9% higher than their male counterparts. Despite this, there is still a significant gap of 27 trillion VND (1.2 billion USD) between the loan capital women entrepreneurs need and what financial institutions offer. Coupled with social norms around care-giving and roles in the home, the barriers stopping women entrepreneurs from growing start stacking up.
Partnerships are the secret to CARE’s success. As an organization, we are locally led and globally connected. We know that to succeed, we need to invest in high-impact partnerships. At CARE Vietnam, we have teamed up with three private sector partners - commercial bank VPBank, fintech Canal Circle, and business development services provider WISE - to unleash the power of growth-oriented female entrepreneurs. The Ignite program, funded by the Mastercard Center for Inclusive Growth, takes a more commercial approach to our programming by working with partners who see the social benefits, but also need a business case to work for them. This market-based approach ensures that the products and services supporting these entrepreneurs are both sustainable and scalable in the long-term, and puts women at the center.
Our Ignite partners all bring something different to the table. VPBank is developing bespoke products and services for women entrepreneurs through Ignite, while also addressing misconceptions about women entrepreneurs among their loan officers. They are showing them, for instance, that women have lower non-performing loans and a higher average loan size than men. Canal Circle is bringing access to digital lending platforms for women entrepreneurs, connecting them to formal finance through a trusted local microfinance institution. To complete the package of support, WISE provides women entrepreneurs in the program with business and entrepreneurship training, mentoring programs and business networks.
So how does a non-profit like CARE team up with profit-driven organizations to support women entrepreneurs and still deliver socially impactful products and services? First, we had to find the win-win for all sides. Second, we needed to think differently. These types of partnerships challenge our processes and systems and the way we traditionally work, particularly with the private sector.
The 5 principles to powerful partnerships
To make the business case to your potential private-sector partner, NGOs need to understand their business model. This means understanding their products, services and customers and what drives value, such as profit and customers. This can be done through research, meeting the company’s leadership and employees, and interviews with their customers. This will enable NGOs to align their value proposition to private sector partners' and help ensure a unified agenda in the early stages. For Ignite, CARE’s value proposition is our expertise on gender and the ability to connect partners to new customers. As a sector, we must never lose sight of our commitment to our program participants or the millions of women business owners we hope will one day have equal access to the capital and support they need to thrive. For this program, that means listening to women entrepreneurs about how products and services can best meet their needs and helping translate that into clear options with our partners.
Getting commitment and buy-in from both leadership and those responsible for direct implementation is essential for sustainability. When you work with a bank, that means engagement at the HQ level, but also at the local branch level. Strong commitment from senior leadership from multiple departments (i.e. product, marketing, risk) from the outset is key. Engaging frontline staff, such as branch managers and loan officers, in the design process to ensure they see value in the product is also essential as they regularly interact with the target group, in this case women entrepreneurs. Understanding and influencing incentive structures at the branch level can also lead to tangible buy-in.
Identifying champions within the partner organization is also useful to help navigate their systems, advocate for the partnership at a senior level, and continue to secure buy-in as the partnership evolves. However, teams might consider building "product task forces" with multiple champions to avoid over-reliance on individuals who may move on.
Engaging the whole team in setting the objective of the partnership is critical and must align with each organization’s strategies. For the Ignite program, CARE is focused on increasing access to finance and support services to help female entrepreneurs grow. The bank, on the other hand, needs to have a strong case for serving these women that aligns with their business goals, as Dao Gia Hung, Deputy Head of the SME Division at VPBank explains, “Women entrepreneurs drive loan portfolio growth. We expect this partnership will support VPBank to increase our women SME customer base from 5 to 10%.” Evelyn Nguyen, CEO of Canal Circle adds, "There is a huge profit potential and low default rates among female borrowers. CARE brings trust, brand power, and grassroots deployment approaches, has a wide reach into the underserved population and a valuable network of partners. Together we can reinforce one another’s effort (nonprofit and for-profit approaches) to enable lasting positive impacts.” With all our Ignite partners we will combine our social and business goals to better serve women entrepreneurs in Vietnam, so that they can grow their businesses.
The best way to unite your business and social goals is to have clear metrics for success. In the case of Ignite, the short-term metrics include: new loan customers acquired, loan repayment and satisfaction rates, improved skills for entrepreneurs, and ultimately, business growth. In the longer term, we want government and financial institutions to adopt a product that can be scaled across the country, reaching 5 million women. The risk of not agreeing on goals from the outset can cost both time and money.
Agreeing which individual from each partner is responsible for specific activities is also important and roles will be defined based on the value-add and expertise of respective partners. Be clear who are the decision-makers on each team, as well as secret decision-makers, or those we know we need to say 'yes' before major decisions can move forward (these are often the CEOs!). There are different tools that can support the division of responsibilities, including the RACI model which can define who is Responsible, Accountable, Consulted and Informed through each major phase of the partnership work.
As part of this principle, clear governance structures and escalation processes should be agreed, outlining who would get involved at what level and on which activities. If something does not go as planned, both partners should agree in advance who and at what level they should escalate the issue. Over-communication between partners is the key to success!
While NGOs have a direct footprint within communities and can quickly elevate the voice of communities to the boardroom, one of the greater risks when partnering with the private sector is an inability to quickly cope with market shifts. We are currently living in a time of uncertainty with COVID-19 and many things are happening in a way that we never expected. Private sector partners are often more agile and willing to embrace radical changes to stay afloat. They can be quick to de-prioritize certain products, expand into new markets, or rapidly shift their business priorities to move with the market. Having a mitigation plan and risk analysis in place for the partnership is therefore essential, and being careful to build a partnership that goes beyond one product, rather a portfolio of products, as we have done with VPBank, has helped navigate these shifts.
To improve our agility within the NGO sector we need to streamline our systems, such as finance or procurement, so that we can respond to pivots. We also need to understand that different partners operate at difference paces, whether that’s decision-making, strategy or product development, and work flexibly within those parameters. This means accelerating sometimes, decelerating others and being ready to adapt quickly when needed to keep the end goal in sight.
As Evelyn Nguyen, CEO of Canal Circle concludes, “By opening up access to finance for women entrepreneurs, they are not only able to help themselves and their families, but they are also creating jobs for others in their community. Successful and happy women support happy families, raise great kids, and contribute to local economies.”
With our target to reach almost 1 million entrepreneurs (70% women) in Vietnam by 2022, I am confident that, with our stellar line-up of partners, we are well on track to make a big impact.