7 Trends Shaping Africa’s Youth Employment Challenge
In 2001, Charles Maisel started a social enterprise because he saw potential in the young men who sit on the roadside in South Africa’s townships waiting to be hired for a day’s labor. He then flipped the problem into a solution.
Charles understood the barriers: the short-term and unreliable nature of employment in the informal economy, lack of trust between the community of employers and young men seeking employment and the difficulty of matching skilled labor to opportunities. Through Men on the Side of the Road (MSR), Maisel helps men find a way into the mainstream economy and long-term employment by setting up an ecosystem that can support them while providing a platform easy for employers to hire qualified and vetted workers that can provide references. The young men are allowed to establish credibility using their MSR ID card, which points to a database that includes references and skills assessment results. MSR has built partnerships with a network of employers such as homeowners, building contractors, landscapers, events management companies, hardware companies and others. By understanding the barriers, Charles has put entrepreneurial power back into the hands of the young men with whom he works.
In the 12 years since Charles founded MSR there has been a wide range of new innovations trying to solve the employment issue including Future Forward Ashoka Fellow Fredrick Ouko.
Half a continent away, Fredrick Ouko is creating a barrier-free and equal opportunity society for youth with disabilities in Kenya, and in doing so, he is unlocking their previously untapped potential.
His organization, the Action Network for the Disabled (ANDY), works to remove unfounded fears and discrimination towards people with disabilities both inside and outside the formal workplace. It does this by first systematically assisting companies to hire youth and adjust their processes, policies and culture into more inclusive ones and by helping youth with disabilities shed their self-victimizing attitudes and develop the skills and confidence they need to become active agents of change in their lives and communities. ANDY prepares youth with disabilities to play an active role in reshaping the leadership structure of Kenya and, thus, promote inclusiveness at a policy level through civic engagement. Fredrick’s intervention takes the hurdles of inequality, insufficient matching between skills and opportunities and the role confusion within sectors for addressing employment challenges and transforms them into a cohesive and holistic solution.
What these two and other social entrepreneurs teach us; when it comes to a grand challenge like youth unemployment in Africa, the biggest opportunities for all sectors and institutions to pave their ways of the future are at the center of the problems and the insight within the community itself.
It is not easy to be young and in the labor market today. In the midst of economic and political flux, youth face a lot of uncertainty about their future. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), global unemployment is reaching crisis levels at 12.6%. But recent projections from the UN Population Division tell a significant story: the demographic future of the world will be Africa-driven.
Currently, 70% of Africans are under the age of 30. By 2040, 50% of the world’s youth will be African, most of whom will be women and girls. With nearly half of the youth population in Africa currently unemployed or inactive—and 72% living on less than $2 per day—communities are finding it more urgent than ever to enable new avenues and solutions for the creation of quality jobs that make way for youth livelihoods and productivity. How these communities address this challenge could shape the future of the world in unprecedented ways.
What are the solutions and trends for the youth employment challenge in sub-Saharan Africa? Ashoka has partnered with The MasterCard Foundation for ‘Future Forward,’ an initiative identifying the most innovative social entrepreneurs addressing the youth employment crisis and convening thought leaders, youth and innovators to discuss insights and best practices about ways forward for Africa’s youth.
7 Trends shaping the current youth employment conversation:
What do social entrepreneurs bring to this conversation?
It is impossible to discuss youth unemployment without considering the multi-sector and country-specific nature of the issue. The good news: there are many rarely told stories of community-rooted innovators, social entrepreneurs with a long history of working to help communities become “unstuck” and help youth become changemakers. These innovators build solutions based on a deep understanding of the socio-economic context within their specific communities. They weave initiatives that flip problems into cross-sector, sustainable, community-driven solutions. As system thinkers, they foresee trends like an unstable informal sector, unequal and biased access to economic opportunities and a lack of coordination between sectors. They create solutions out of those very building blocks. Social entrepreneurs are also expert organizers and nurturers of changemakers, empowering the community itself to help shape and create positive change.
Throughout the Future Forward initiative, we will explore stories like those of the social entrepreneurs at the begging of this post. They exemplify how social innovators flip problems and empower changemakers in their communities to address the youth employment crisis in Africa.
You can connect with Tsega Belachew, Ashoka on Twitter @tsepeaces
Recently released in the special edition of the MIT Innovations Journal: “Future Forward: Innovations for Youth Employment in Africa” article by Beverly Schwartz, Ashoka VP, Author of Rippling: How Social Entrepreneurs Spread Innovation Throughout the World and Deepali Khanna, Director of Youth Learning at The MasterCard Foundation.
Also just released: “Generation Entrepreneur? The State of Global Entrepreneurship.” by a panelist for the #AfricaYouthFwd webinar series: Mike Herrington, Executive Director, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Worldwide (GEM).
Update from the kick-off #AfricaYouthFwd G+ Hangout at the 2013 Global Youth Economic Opportunities Conference in Washington, D.C: Watch a conversation between youth panelist Kabelo Ramatlhape and Beverly Schwartz. Kabelo is a student of the Maharishi Institute founded by another Future Forward Ashoka Fellow Dr. Taddy Bletcher. The tuition free Institute empowers youth to be entrepreneurial changemakers by improving their self-awareness, confidence, skills and employability through school activities.